Onus of escalation lies with Pakistan: Experts
The Indian surgical strikes inside Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) against terrorist planning to sneak into India were ‘carefully measured’, a top American think-tank said today, adding the onus for escalation lies purely on Pakistan.
“This Indian response was indeed coming. Both as a signal to Pakistan and as reassurance for Indian domestic audiences. Modi could not let the outrage at Uri go unanswered,” Ashley Tellis of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a top American think-tank said.
“The Indian action was carefully measured: striking at terrorist launch pads was meant to signal that India has not lost its freedom to retaliate, but puts the onus of further escalation on Pakistan,” Tellis told PTI.
Responding to a question, Tellis said the US will counsel restraint but unless the administration is willing to turn the screws on Pakistan, which seems unlikely, India will be guided by its own interests, not American pleas for forbearance.
“I think Pakistan has its hands full right now, it is unlikely to respond to the Indian action militarily, but the larger sub-conventional war against India will continue,” Tellis said.
Rick Rossow from the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) recalled that the hint of such strikes as a possible tool last year, when the Indian Army initiated an attack against militants in Myanmar.
“India has also shown other new tools in its confrontation with Pakistan, such as withdrawing from the upcoming SAARC summit, building stronger ties with other South Asian nations, and using closer security ties with the US as a hook to press for reduced military cooperation with Pakistan,” he said.
“This will likely keep Islamabad on its toes, though when employing new tools in such a struggle, clear messaging is key so both sides know the others’ intentions. This will guard against unanticipated escalation,” Rossow said.
According to him, following a number of recent provocations that India has linked to Pakistan-based militant groups, the government of prime minister Narendra Modi has employed a different set of tools to respond to these incitements.
“These tools may not be altogether new, but the fact that they have been the focus of India’s response to Pakistan’s incitements marks a different approach,” he said.
Rossow said while the Indian Ministry of Defence has stated it does not plan additional strikes, it is not clear whether the current tensions between India and Pakistan will escalate further.
“There is certainly little expectation that Pakistani militants, under varying degrees of control by Pakistan’s military, will be deterred from initiating further attacks. But the costs to Islamabad of supporting terrorism are increasing, and taking different forms than before,” Rossow said.
Meanwhile, Pakistan Rangers on Friday restored to firing at Indian positions in Jammu and Kashmir’s Akhnoor sector of the International Border without any provocation.
“Pakistan Rangers used automatics and small arms to target BSF border outposts,” the police said, adding “Firing exchanges started at 12.30 am and lasted until 1.30 am”.
With PTI inputs